Mots de l’Ambassadeur

AmbassadeurBienvenue sur le site de l’Ambassade du Vietnam en France,
La signature du Partenariat stratégique en septembre 2013 lors de la visite officielle en France du Premier Ministre vietnamien NGUYEN Tan Dung marque un tournant important dans les relations de coopération et d’amitié entre le Vietnam et la France. Ces relations prennent un nouvel élan avec l’organisation très réussie de l’Année croisée France-Vietnam 2013-2014 en l’honneur du 40ème anniversaire de l’établissement des relations diplomatiques entre nos deux pays (1973-2013).
Ces deux échéances, traduisant la maturité des liens qui attachent nos deux peuples et la grande confiance mutuelle entre nos deux pays, donnent une forte impulsion à nos relations bilatérales marquées par l’excellente qualité de la coopération dans tous les domaines, politique, économique, culturel, éducatif, scientifique, de défense….. faisant ainsi de la France un des partenaires européens de première importance du Vietnam. Ces liens sont animés chaque jour par  des acteurs très divers : institutionnels mais aussi associatifs, de l’Etat mais aussi des collectivités locales des deux pays. Ils sont renforcés par l’importante communauté de Vietnamiens de France, composée de centaines de milliers de femmes et d’hommes attachés à leur pays d’origine et pleinement intégrés dans la société française pour devenir de vrais avocats de l’amitié et de la coopération franco-vietnamienne, par la présence des milliers d’étudiants vietnamiens en France qui représentent la jeunesse et l’espoir de nos relations bilatérales.
Le Vietnam d’aujourd’hui de plus de 90 millions d’habitants, après 30 ans de renouveau, est un pays économiquement dynamique à fort potentiel de croissance. Très attaché à son identité et engagé dans l’intégration internationale, le pays s’affirme comme ami et acteur émergent, actif et responsable de la communauté internationale. Liés par une histoire commune, partageant les intérêts et les défis de développement de notre époque, le Vietnam et la France affichent une très forte volonté de construire ensemble un avenir commun pour l’amitié, la coopération et le développement des deux pays.
Dans ce cadre, c’est un grand honneur pour moi de représenter mon pays, le Vietnam, en France. Arrivé en France à l’approche du nouvel an 2015, je prends ma fonction d’Ambassadeur du Vietnam en France avec grand optimisme et confiance. Optimisme puisque le Vietnam et la France détiennent désormais tous les éléments nécessaires pour approfondir leurs relations dans tous les domaines vers une plus grande efficacité et effectivité. Confiance puisque sont et seront associés à cette œuvre commune tous les acteurs de la coopération franco-vietnamienne sur qui je pourrai compter afin de faire ensemble du Vietnam et de la France les vrais partenaires stratégiques du 21ème siècle.
L’Ambassade du Vietnam a le grand plaisir de mettre à votre disposition ce site d’Internet qui se veut être surtout un point d’information et d’échanges pour vous faire découvrir le Vietnam, vous tenir informés de l’évolution des relations franco-vietnamiennes au service d’une meilleure connaissance et un meilleur rapprochement entre les Français et les Vietnamiens.
Je vous souhaite Bonne visite !
S.E.M. NGUYEN NGOC SON
Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire
De la République socialiste du Vietnam
En République française

 

Round table on China’s illegal deployment of oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the Vietnamese waters

In the morning of 21 June 2014, under the framework of the International Workshop “Paracel - Spratly Archipelagos: Historical Truth”, participants gathered, after visiting the “Paracel - Spratly Archipelagos: The Inseparable Part of Vietnam” Exhibition, for the two-session roundtable on China’s illegal deployment of oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the Vietnamese waters.
The first session was devoted to the legal dimensions of China’s oil rig installation. Participants shared a view that China’s installation of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 was totally unlawful from any legal perspective. They suggested that the coordinates of the oil rig’s positions, as provided by the China Maritime Safety Administration, were deep inside the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of Vietnam. Therefore, a shared conclusion was that China’s unilateral installation of oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the area had contravened international law.
The scholars were also unanimous that the Paracel Archipelago is a disputed area and that it is unacceptable for China to declare the area undisputed, and also that China’s attempts to change the status quo constitute violations of international law and the DOC that China signed with ASEAN in 2002.
Several speakers, on the basis of international law, including the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982, pointed out the contradictions in China’s arguments for its installation of oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981. The speakers disagreed with China’s statement that the locations of the oil rig were inside the contiguous zone of the Paracel Archipelago. On the other hand, China’s illustration of the operation area of the Haiyang Shiyou 981 on the “nine-dashed line” map reflected the ambiguity of China’s claim in the East Sea. The fact that China regards the location of the oil rig as inside the waters of the Triton Island represented a double standard in claiming entitlement of waters breadth for maritime structures as China insists that Japan’s Okinotori Shima Island is merely a rock, which is entitled to maximum 12 nautical mile band of waters. China also presented inconsistent arguments as it, at one time, stated that the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 was operating in the territorial sea of the Triton Island, and at other time, informed that the area was within the contiguous zone of the Triton Island. Professor Jerome Cohen, Co-Director of the US-Asia Law Institute, New York University School of Law, a senior expert on sovereignty disputes in the East Sea suggested that even if China had controled the Paracel Archipelago (which in fact it is not), the islands of the archipelago could not be entitled to such vast area of waters as they were situated opposite to the very long coastline of Vietnam.
The speakers also shared the view that legal means and international arbitration could be the best solutions if China would not withdraw the oil rig and escort vessels from the Vietnamese waters and refuse to negotiate with the latter. First and foremost, they believed that it was essential to ask China to into compliance with international law and agreement on the recourse to international dispute settlement institutions. The speakers suggested that international law, especially the UNCLOS 1982 provided for the possibility of filing lawsuits on such matters as the effectiveness of islands, the obligation to enter into provisional arrangements in disputed areas, and violations of maritime security and safety, and freedom of navigation.
The second session of the roundtable focused on analyzing China’s goals in installing the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the Vietnamese exclusive economic zone and continental shelf. China’s acts, as suggested by the speakers, were new steps of escalation in order to realise the “nine-dashed line” claim and dominate the entire East Sea. The illegal installation of the oil rig changed the status quo in the East Sea, thus threatening the peace, stability, maritime safety and security, and the freedom of navigation in the area. Several speakers believed that Vietnam should learn from the Philippines’ experience in recourse to legal actions.
The speakers suggested that China’s installation of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 was another effort to gain control over the East Sea. The seizure of Philippines’ Scarborough Shoal, which was east of the “nine-dashed line” claim, in 2012, the installation of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 to the west of the “nine-dashed line” claim, and several times of military exercises in the Second Thomas Shoal in the southern tip of the “nine-dashed line” claim all indicated that the goal of China was to step by step realise its claim. The speakers all shared the view that China’s installation of its oil rig had escalated tension in the area, adversely affecting the Vietnam-Sino relations. The speakers also commended Vietnam for the good will and effort to peacefully resolve the dispute, and suggested that Vietnam should continue to seek the support from the international community in this regard to exert pressure on China and prevent new acts of escalation.
In the afternoon of the same day, the participants visited the fishing boat #DNa 90152 sunk by Chinese ship on 26 May. They expressed resentment over the brutal and inhumane behavior of the Chinese ship, which caused a large crack on the side of the Vietnamese fishing boat. The participants were extremely upset when they learnt from the victims how Chinese ships repeatedly rammed into the Vietnamese fishing boat until the latter sank, and even attempted to prevent Vietnamese vessels from rescuing the victims in distress./.