Mots de l’Ambassadeur

AmbassadeurBienvenue sur le site de l’Ambassade du Vietnam en France,
La signature du Partenariat stratégique en septembre 2013 lors de la visite officielle en France du Premier Ministre vietnamien NGUYEN Tan Dung marque un tournant important dans les relations de coopération et d’amitié entre le Vietnam et la France. Ces relations prennent un nouvel élan avec l’organisation très réussie de l’Année croisée France-Vietnam 2013-2014 en l’honneur du 40ème anniversaire de l’établissement des relations diplomatiques entre nos deux pays (1973-2013).
Ces deux échéances, traduisant la maturité des liens qui attachent nos deux peuples et la grande confiance mutuelle entre nos deux pays, donnent une forte impulsion à nos relations bilatérales marquées par l’excellente qualité de la coopération dans tous les domaines, politique, économique, culturel, éducatif, scientifique, de défense….. faisant ainsi de la France un des partenaires européens de première importance du Vietnam. Ces liens sont animés chaque jour par  des acteurs très divers : institutionnels mais aussi associatifs, de l’Etat mais aussi des collectivités locales des deux pays. Ils sont renforcés par l’importante communauté de Vietnamiens de France, composée de centaines de milliers de femmes et d’hommes attachés à leur pays d’origine et pleinement intégrés dans la société française pour devenir de vrais avocats de l’amitié et de la coopération franco-vietnamienne, par la présence des milliers d’étudiants vietnamiens en France qui représentent la jeunesse et l’espoir de nos relations bilatérales.
Le Vietnam d’aujourd’hui de plus de 90 millions d’habitants, après 30 ans de renouveau, est un pays économiquement dynamique à fort potentiel de croissance. Très attaché à son identité et engagé dans l’intégration internationale, le pays s’affirme comme ami et acteur émergent, actif et responsable de la communauté internationale. Liés par une histoire commune, partageant les intérêts et les défis de développement de notre époque, le Vietnam et la France affichent une très forte volonté de construire ensemble un avenir commun pour l’amitié, la coopération et le développement des deux pays.
Dans ce cadre, c’est un grand honneur pour moi de représenter mon pays, le Vietnam, en France. Arrivé en France à l’approche du nouvel an 2015, je prends ma fonction d’Ambassadeur du Vietnam en France avec grand optimisme et confiance. Optimisme puisque le Vietnam et la France détiennent désormais tous les éléments nécessaires pour approfondir leurs relations dans tous les domaines vers une plus grande efficacité et effectivité. Confiance puisque sont et seront associés à cette œuvre commune tous les acteurs de la coopération franco-vietnamienne sur qui je pourrai compter afin de faire ensemble du Vietnam et de la France les vrais partenaires stratégiques du 21ème siècle.
L’Ambassade du Vietnam a le grand plaisir de mettre à votre disposition ce site d’Internet qui se veut être surtout un point d’information et d’échanges pour vous faire découvrir le Vietnam, vous tenir informés de l’évolution des relations franco-vietnamiennes au service d’une meilleure connaissance et un meilleur rapprochement entre les Français et les Vietnamiens.
Je vous souhaite Bonne visite !
S.E.M. NGUYEN NGOC SON
Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire
De la République socialiste du Vietnam
En République française

 

ON-THE-FIELD DEVELOPMENTS SINCE CHINA'S ILLEGAL DEPLOYMENT OF THE OIL RIG HAIYANG SHIYOU-981 WITHIN THE VIETNAMESE WATERS

(Presented by Mr. Ngo Ngoc Thu,
Vice Commander and Chief of Staff of the Vietnamese Coast Guard)

I. On the Chinese side
1. Regarding the Oil Rig Haiyang Shiyou- 981
    - At 5 am on 2 May 2014, China installed the oil rig at 15029’08’’N - 111012’06’’E. This location is 17.3 nautical miles South of Tri Ton (Triton)  Island and 80 miles deep inside Viet Nam’s continental shelf, or 119 nautical miles from of Ly Son Island.
- At 5 am, 27 May, Vietnamese Coast Guard noticed the oil rig was moving in the East - Northeast direction and stopped at 11:15, at 21.86 nautical miles to the E-NE of the original location, 143 nautical miles East of Ly Son Island and 25 nautical miles South East of Tri Ton Island.
- On 1 June, the oil rig was relocated slightly and settled at 15033’21’’N - 111034’35’’E. (approximately 140m to the West - Northwest of the former location.
 Until today, the location of the oil rig is generally settled, deep within the continental shelf and the EEZ of Viet Nam.  
2. The escort force of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981
    - Everyday, China employs from 30 to 137 escort vessels, including 6 types of warship such as: missile destroyer (#169, 170), missile frigate (# 523,534,571, 572), fast attack craft (# 752, 753), anti-submarine patrol ship (# 787, 789), minesweeping vessel (# 839, 840, 842, 843), and amphibious landing ship (# 989, 998, 999). Besides, there are from 33 to 42 ships including coast guard, coastal patrol, maritime surveillance and Fisheries Law Enforcement ships, along with 9 to 11 towing and service vessels, 20-22 transport vessels, 1-3 oil tankers and 15-60 fishing boats. At the peak time, China employed a total of 137 vessels of various types in one day to guard the oil rig.
- The number of escort and service fleet remains fairly stable at 70 to 80 ships but the number of fishing boats ranges between 15 and 60. On 27 May, 9 warships were deployed to escort the oil rig as it was moving, including the missile destroyer (#170), missile frigates( #523, 534, 571, 572), anti-submarine patrol ships (#787 and 789) and minesweeping vessels (#840 and 843).
    - China constantly uses surveillance planes, helicopters (#8321, 3808, 3586, 9401, B.7112, B.7115), early warning aircrafts (KJ200-9421) and reconnaissance aircraft class TU154 to hover over Vietnamese ships from 100-1000m heights.
3. Tactics
- The Chinese escort fleet is divided into 3 rings: the inner ring includes 10-15 ships at 1-1.5 nautical miles from the rig, the middle ring consists of 40-45 ships at 4.5-5 nautical miles from the rig and the outer ring includes 25-35 ships at 10-12 nautical miles from the oil rig. China constantly deployed 9 to 12 ships to closely follow Vietnamese vessels, ready to hinder and collide with Vietnamese vessels at 10-12 nautical away from the oil rig.
- Chinese escort ships are ready to cut off, rear-block, approach the side and collide with Vietnamese ships when the latters approach to voice protests against the violation of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981. Chinese ships also rammed, fired water cannon to damage Vietnamese ships and their equipment. Chinese ships even used high frequency sonar systems and high-lumen light to negatively affect the mental and physical health of the Vietnamese crew. The details are as follows:
+ At 4 pm, 26 May, at 15016’42’’N - 111001’30’’E (16.5 nautical miles Southwest of the oil rig) the Vietnamese fishing boat # DNa-90152 was rammed and sunk by the Chinese fishing boat #11209. The 10 Vietnamese fishermen on board were flipped into the sea and were luckily rescued by Vietnamese boats.
    + At 4:23 pm, 1 June, at 12 nautical miles West-Southwest of the oil rig, Chinese Coast Guard vessel #46105 fired water cannon and rammed Vietnamese Coast Guard vessel #2016, breaking 4 holes in the right side of the latter, at 40-50 cm above its water line. 7 rail posts and 1 air vent pipe of the Vietnamese ship were also broken.
    - There were about 40-45 Chinese fishing boats, divided into two groups, constantly obstructing the fishing operations of Vietnamese fishing boat at their traditional Hoang Sa fishing ground at 30 to 40 nautical miles South West and West-South West of the oil rig.

Since 3 May, Chinese escort vessels have been ramming and firing water cannon at Vietnamese vessels, causing injuries to 12 Vietnamese fishery control officers and damage to 24 Vietnamese law enforcement vessels (5 Coast Guard vessels and 19 Fishery Control vessels).
+ The five damaged Vietnamese Coast Guard vessels (# 4032, 4033, 2012, 2013, 2016).

    II. Vietnamese maritime law enforcement forces
    - They promptly showed up at the site to perform law enforcement duties and prevent the violation of Vietnamese waters by China's oil rig and escort fleet. The main measures include approaching the Chinese oil-rig and escort vessels to broadcast reassertions of Vietnamese sovereignty and demand them leave the Vietnamese waters, filming and taking pictures to document the activities of China's oil rig and escort vessels as evidence. Vietnamese Coast Guard vessels have repeatedly approached China's oil rig to demand them leave Viet Nam's waters. The message was in Vietnamese, Chinese and English.  
    - After a month, despite the disruptive and destructive activities of Chinese vessels, including ramming and firing water cannon, the Vietnamese Coast Guard and Fishery Control forces continued with the tactic of avoiding collision with Chinese vessels. Vietnamese civilian law enforcement vessels did not ram or fire water cannon at Chinese escort and fishing vessels, but merely used speakers to demand China withdraw its oil-rig and escort ships out of the Vietnamese waters. The Vietnamese law enforcement forces continued to resolutely defend national sovereignty, sovereign rights and jurisdiction of Viet Nam in its EEZ and continental shelf.